Abia State has a network of roads linking the major urban areas and the headquarters of the 17 local government areas. Some of these roads have been tarred while those untarred are graded annually. Most of the local governments in the state have well graded intra-community roads. Transportation is being modernized to suit modern transportation means. Abialine and other transport operators operate 24 hours service within and outside the State.
The Port-Harcourt – Enugu Expressway (Trunk A) passes through the major towns of Umuahia and Aba. In addition, the Eastern railway line runs through Aba and Umuahia. The GSM system is very common and effective. There are broadband facilities and other Internet facilities for easy communication. There are also automatic telephone exchanges located at Aba and Umuahia. Furthermore, telephone subscribers in the state can now dial any part of the world from Aba and Umuahia.
The state is well served by the Nigerian Postal Services (N I POST), sub-post offices and postal agencies. It is also less than two hours drive from Umuahia, the state capital, to the Port-Harcourt International Airport, and less than thirty-five minutes drive from Imo airport.